Wuyi Mountain, Fujian's best scenic attraction, is
also known as the birthplace of Chinese tea civilization.
An ancient Chinese proverb says, good tea comes from pure water and great mountains. Wuyishan or Wuyi Mountain at the northern part of Fujian is endowed with both. Wuyi Mountain, well known for its famous tea, is often said to be the "birthplace" of Chinese tea civilization. It has a well suited natural environment for the cultivation of tea. Boasting a year round temperature of 18 ℃, there is a big range of morning and evening temps and mist forms easily which helps the tea growing process.
Wuyi Mountain, located about 15 kilometers to the south of Wuyishan City in northwest Fujian, tops Fujian with its beauties and elegances, and boasts natural beauties of green peaks encircled with emerald waters.
Wuyi Mountain is not only the home to the famous Dahongpao and Xiaohongpao, but also to other great Oolong tea like the Bai Ji Guan ( or White Cockscomb 白鸡冠) and other Wuyi Rock Tea (武夷岩茶).
The name Bai Ji Guan literally means the "white cockscomb" in Chinese. It refers to the unique color of the new-grown leaves from the spring harvest. The shape and color of the leaves is said to look like the comb of a large cock.
Another legend has it that the name of this magnificent tea was given by a local tea farmer in memorial of a courageous rooster that sacrificed his life while protecting his life from a green snake. Touched by the display of courage and love, the farmer buried the rooster where it died. To the farmer's surprise, a tea bush near the burial ground grew much taller and better than those at other places.
Bai Ji Guan has been famous since the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644AD). Believed to be an antidote for poison, the monks on Wuyi Mountain used this tea to save the life of a sick child of a prominent official. The tea was later presented to the Emperor and became a regular tribute tea.
As one of the most unique teas of Wuyi Mountain, Bai Ji Guan contains hints of chocolate maltyness, a unique light keemun-like flavor, and a bit of peach, a very delicate after taste and a sense of sweetness, like English toffee.
Wuyi Yan Cha or Wuyi Rock Tea is a luxurious variety of Oolong tea.
One of Wuyi teas, Da Hong Pao (大红袍) is a very important Wuyi Oolong Tea which is also known as Wuyi Yan Cha. Only tea from this region can be considered authentic Wuyi Yan Cha.
It is incredibly flavourful tea from the stems of the tea plants among the rocks in the Wuyi Mountain, so it is also called Wuyi Rock Tea.
Wuyi Rock Tea, grown in pollution-free, pristine rocky areas in the Wuyi Mountain, is a luxurious variety of Oolong tea.
It has a distinctive taste of sunburned mountain rocks because of a mineral that is present in the tea caused by the high mineral content in the mountains where it is grown.
The taste of Wuyi Oolong tea is different from green tea, black tea and other Oolong teas. It is very robust in flavor and may take some getting used to. It is closer in taste to black tea than green tea.
It is the best and rarest tea among all teas from the region. Its supply is extremely limited due to the limited growing area. Its enormous weight loss function has been recognized worldwide.
Since Wuyi Oolong Tea is semi-oxidized, it retains many more of the antioxidants such as EGCG. Wuyi Oolong tea also appears to have larger quantities of polyphenols which may attribute to the weight loss benefits of Wuyi Oolong Tea.
How to get to WuyiMountain from Xiamen:
1). By plane: Apple Travel offers flights from Xiamen to Wuyishan, for air ticket booking, please call Apple Travel at (86-592)-5074168 or book online by following the link:
2). Take a train from Xiamen Railway Station to Wuyishan Stop, take a taxi there.
3). Take a long-distance Coach from Xiamen Songbai Long-distance Bus Station to Wuyishan, take a taxi there.
4). Self Driving
Route: Fuxia Expressway (福厦高速) - Quansan Expressway (泉三高速) to Yong'an - Changshen Express (长深高速) to Shaxian - Fuyin Expressway (福银高速) - Jingtai Expressway (京台高速) to Xingtian Town (兴田镇) - S303 Provincial Road - Wuyishan City. Finally, take a taxi to Wuyi Mountain National Natural Reserve.
5). Use a travel agent:
Renting a van packaged with driver is the next best alternative. Call Apple Travel to organize a trip there. If you've a small group, the ideal number in the group is 5 or 6.